E-Auction 19

Closed March 30, 2017
E19, Lot 163

SCOTLAND. The Battle of Culloden, 1746. Copper medal. 47.47 gm. 51 mm. By R. Yeo. London. Bust of William (son of the Hanoverian George II), the Duke of Cumberland, right. GULIELMUS GEORGE II R FIL DUX CUMBRIAE / The Duke, portrayed as Hercules, trampling the figure of Discord and raising Britannia; PERDVELLIB EX ANG FVGAT AD CULLOD DEBELLAT 16 APR 1746 ("The rebels driven from England and defeated at Culloden…"). Woolf 55:2. Good Very Fine; minor marks; attractive brown patina.

Culloden and the “Bonnie Prince”

It is August 1745 and Jacobite hopes rise again with “Bonnie Prince Charlie,” grandson of James II, launching yet another uprising to restore the British throne to the Stewarts.

The effort ended with defeat at the Battle of Culloden, April 1746. Medals marked the events and the people involved and the following small collection reflects some of the key events during this period. Most of the medals show some wear. They were part of people’s lives and were often personal mementoes of the events.

The first medal in the group shows his father James III and a map of Scotland. Scotland’s ambitions were a small part of the negotiations that were part of the War of Spanish Succession, but James was trying to promote his cause. The next medal shows the young prince and his brother.

It was Charles who rallied Scottish forces in 1745 and by the 16th of August the Jacobites were at the gates of Edinburgh. By mid-November Carlisle had submitted to Charles who was proclaimed “King James VIII and III.” Charles, overoptimistic, soon sent part of the Jacobite army further into England even though the English troops outnumbered them three to one. The army got within 200 kilometers of London but in December 1745 they were stopped at Derby.

Retreating north on the 6th of December with the Duke of Cumberland in pursuit, Charles and his depleted army reached Carlisle on the 19th and left the next day heading back to Scotland. This was the end of Scottish control of English land. Three medals offered here note Cumberland’s Carlisle “no battle” success.

In January 1746 the Jacobites were successful in the battle of Falkirk Muir but the success was temporary. It all came to an end on April 16th, 1746 at Culloden on what was known as Drumossie Moor. An exhausted and outnumbered Jacobite army was destroyed and the Hanoverian follow-up was a time of killing and atrocities.

The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748 provided a truce between England and France, important to Jacobite history because Charles had repeatedly sought French help with his quest. Woolf (The Medallic Record of the Jacobite Movement) notes that Charles had become an embarrassment to the French and the Treaty required among other things that “he should be expelled from French territory.” The medal dated 1745 was probably made, in an act of “bravado,” around the time of the completion of the treaty. The last medal in the group celebrates peace.

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Welcome to E-Auction 19!

We try to find interesting things for our sales, unusual but fascinating byways of numismatics and this catalog has its share of items you don’t ordinarily see.

The ancient section may at first seem to be just another list but the surprise here is the low estimates on so many pieces that have an important place in ancient numismatics. We get some magnificent catalogs of ancient coins but there is little there if you are on a tight budget or if you just enjoy sampling something on a whim.

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